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The Fall of Jerusalem September 7, 2017

Posted by flashbuzzer in Books, Christianity.
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Here are my thoughts on Jeremiah 52:1-30.

Summary: In this passage, Jeremiah repeats – and expands on – his account of the downfall of Jerusalem in Jeremiah 39. He reiterates that God was the impetus for this calamity.

He also states that the Babylonians:

  • plundered the temple – seizing all of its artifacts composed of precious metals
  • executed two leading priests and three doorkeepers of the temple.

In addition, he records the number of his compatriots who were exiled to Babylon.

Thoughts: While I was perusing my NIV Study Bible, I found that 2 Kings 24:18-25:26 is quite similar to this passage. Now the introduction to 2 Kings in my NIV Study Bible notes that at least some scholars believe that Jeremiah also wrote that book. Thus, I am curious: was Jeremiah – or Baruch – the actual author of 2 Kings? If so, why are these passages not identical? If not, was the author of the succeeding text aware of – and inspired by – the preceding text? Or did a third author compile an account of the downfall of Jerusalem that inspired both of these authors? I hope to probe Jeremiah on this point in the next life.

This passage may seem redundant in light of the above paragraph, yet after some thought, I believe that its inclusion – and placement – in this book is apropos. In particular, the discussion of the Babylonian desecration of the temple in Jerusalem provides the rationale for God’s anger towards – and judgment of – Babylon. Indeed, the Babylonian soldiers displayed an utter disregard for His holiness by treating the temple artifacts as mere sources of valuable metals. Their focus on material wealth blinded them to the true purpose of those artifacts. They dared to besmirch His holiness – compelling Him to display His holiness through His comprehensive judgment of their empire. One must wonder if they – or their descendants – regretted their actions in the temple during the Persian invasion of their land.

In verse 1, we see that Zedekiah assumes the throne of Judah at the age of twenty-one, and his reign lasts eleven years. One must wonder if his age had a negative impact on his reign, as he seemed to lack a coherent plan for addressing the Babylonian siege of Jerusalem and repeatedly sought the advice of Jeremiah in that regard. Before reading this passage, I assumed that Zedekiah had enjoyed a lengthy career as a government official before he assumed the throne of Judah, but that is clearly false. Perhaps his age also influenced Nebuchadnezzar’s decision to anoint him; if he had more political experience, then he could have organized an effective revolt against his political masters.

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Jeremiah Freed July 15, 2017

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Here are my thoughts on Jeremiah 40:1-6.

Summary: In this passage, Nebuzaradan discovers that Jeremiah is among the group of captives who are about to be exiled to Babylon. He acknowledges that the God of Israel has enabled his army to destroy Jerusalem, and he allows Jeremiah to decide whether he should travel with him to Babylon or remain with Gedaliah son of Ahikam at Mizpah.

Jeremiah selects the latter option; before they part, Nebuzaradan grants him provisions and a present.

Thoughts: In verses 2 and 3, Nebuzaradan acknowledges that God effected the downfall of Judah. This implies that the Babylonians were aware of the God of Israel and Judah and that they acknowledged His sovereignty over His nation. Did Nebuzaradan realize, though, that the God of Israel and Judah also asserted His sovereignty over the entire world – including Babylon? If so, did he immediately dismiss the God of Israel and Judah as a minor, local deity and trust in the power of the Babylonian gods? One must wonder if Nebuzaradan witnessed the defeat of Babylon at the hands of the Persians during the reign of Belshazzar; if so, did he comprehend the true nature of the God of Israel and Judah at that point?

The Fall of Jerusalem July 13, 2017

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Here are my thoughts on Jeremiah 39.

Summary: In this passage, King Nebuchadnezzar and his entire army return to Jerusalem and resume their siege of it.

During Jeremiah’s confinement in the courtyard of the guard, God speaks to him, commanding him to reassure Ebed-Melech of His concern for him. In particular, God asserts that although He will destroy Jerusalem – in fulfillment of His prophecies – He will spare Ebed-Melech in response to his faith.

After eighteen months, the Babylonians successfully breach the city wall. They then destroy it and torch the entire city – including the royal palace. They also capture King Zedekiah and, after executing his sons and all of the nobles of Judah, they put out his eyes.

Later, they carry most of the people of Judah into exile in Babylon – except for those who are destitute.

Nebuchadnezzar orders the commander of the imperial guard, Nebuzaradan, to spare Jeremiah. Nebuzaradan allows Jeremiah to stay with Gedaliah son of Ahikam.

Thoughts: In verses 5-7, Nebuchadnezzar inflicts a stomach-churning punishment on Zedekiah. Calvin offers some thoughts on this point in his commentary on verse 6:

The prophet now tells us how cruelly Nebuchadnezzar treated Zedekiah. It was surely a sad spectacle to see a king, who came from a noble family and who was a type of Christ, lying prostrate at the feet of a proud conqueror. But much worse than this was to see his own sons killed before his eyes. Nebuchadnezzar wanted to remove all hope by killing the royal family and the nobles.

While the brutality of this passage shocks modern-day readers, it illustrates God’s holiness. We should remember that Zedekiah repeatedly disobeyed God’s explicit instructions – through Jeremiah – to surrender to the Babylonians. At some point, God had to punish him – lest His holiness be cast in doubt. As modern-day believers, we must not forget that we worship a holy God who will not allow His name to be besmirched.

In verses 15-18, God reassures Ebed-Melech – through Jeremiah – of His care and concern for him. Calvin offers some thoughts on this point:

The prophet says that God remembered Ebed-Melech the Cushite, by whom he was preserved, although he was a foreigner from an uncivilized nation. The prophet says that man will be rewarded for his exceptional courage and service. In his very danger he experienced God’s favor and was protected and delivered from peril.

The grim imagery of the bulk of this passage might lead the reader to assume that the fall of Jerusalem occurred outside the sovereignty of God. Of course, we know that the Babylonians were actually fulfilling the dire prophecies that He had repeatedly delivered through Jeremiah. Now these four verses drive home the reality of God’s sovereignty in this passage. Indeed, He was mindful of the faithfulness of Ebed-Melech – especially in rescuing Jeremiah from the cistern in the courtyard of the guard; thus, He promised to reward him – even in the midst of the greatest calamity in the history of Judah. As modern-day believers, we should be encouraged by the permanence of God’s sovereignty and respond to Him with the faithfulness that Ebed-Melech displayed.